British Columbia Ministry of Health Provincial Review of Licensure, Credentialing, Privileging, Monitoring and Enhancement of Performance

1 ADVISORY SERVICES British Columbia Ministry of Health Provincial Review of Licensure, Credentialing, Privileging, Monitoring and Enhancement of Performance FINAL REPORT October 2012 kpmg.ca

Credentialing, Privileging, Monitoring and
2 Disclaimer This document has been prepared for the British Columbia Ministry of Health s Ministry Action Team and may not be edited, distributed, published, made available or relied on by another person without KPMG LLP s (KPMG) express written permission. KPMG will not assume any responsibility or liability for damages or losses by anyone as a result of the circulation, publication, reproduction or use of this document contrary to the provision of this disclaimer. The information in this document is based on the scope of the review and the limitations set out herein. Ministry of Health The KPMG name, logo and cutting through complexity are registered trademarks or trademarks of KPMG International.

KPMG will not assume any responsibility or liability for damages or losses by anyone as a result of the circulation, publication, reproduction or use of this document contrary
3 Table of Contents GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS 1 GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS 2 CHAPTER 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3 BACKGROUND 3 SCOPE 3 APPROACH 4 UNDERSTANDING THIS REPORT 4 KEY OBSERVATIONS 5 SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT 8 ACCOUNTABILITY 8 ROLE OF THE COLLEGE AND HAS 10 CLINICAL LEADERSHIP 12 FUTURE STATE 13 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 13 CHAPTER 2: REPORT STRUCTURE AND BACKGROUND 14 UNDERSTANDING THIS REPORT 14 REPORT STRUCTURE 15 BACKGROUND FOR THE REVIEW 16 TERMS OF OUR ENGAGEMENT 17 OUR WORKPLAN FOR COMPLETING THIS REVIEW 18 Ministry of Health

CLINICAL LEADERSHIP 12 FUTURE STATE 13 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 13 CHAPTER 2: REPORT STRUCTURE AND BACKGROUND 14 UNDERSTANDING THIS REPORT
4 CHAPTER 3: ROLES OF KEY ORGANIZATIONS IN PHYSICIAN LICENSING, CREDENTIALING, PRIVILEGING AND PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT 21 THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH 21 THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA 22 HEALTH AUTHORITIES AND DENOMINATIONAL FACILITIES 23 MEDICAL EDUCATION BODIES 24 CHAPTER 4: THE MINISTRY S RESPONSE TO DR. COCHRANE S REPORT 25 REVIEW OF THE PROVINCIAL SYSTEM 26 PROVINCIAL PHYSICIAN REGISTRY 26 PROVINCIAL CREDENTIALING & PRIVILEGING PROJECT 27 PROVINCIAL CORE DATA SET 27 PROVINCIAL PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT REVIEW 27 RADIOLOGY PEER REVIEW 27 ACCOUNTABILITY FOR DFS 28 ADVERSE EVENT PROTOCOL 28 CHAPTER 5: OUR FINDINGS LICENSING 29 KEY OBSERVATIONS 29 ROLE OF THE KEY ORGANIZATIONS 29 COMMUNICATION 29 GOVERNANCE & ACCOUNTABILITY 30 PROCESS 30 TECHNOLOGY 31 LEARNING FROM OTHER JURISDICTIONS 31 Ministry of Health

COCHRANE S REPORT 25 REVIEW OF THE PROVINCIAL SYSTEM 26 PROVINCIAL PHYSICIAN REGISTRY 26 PROVINCIAL CREDENTIALING & PRIVILEGING PROJECT 27 PROVINCIAL CORE DATA SET 27 PROVINCIAL PERFORMANCE
5 CHAPTER 6: OUR FINDINGS CREDENTIALING & PRIVILEGING 34 KEY OBSERVATIONS 34 ROLE OF ORGANIZATIONS 35 COMMUNICATION 35 GOVERNANCE & ACCOUNTABILITY 36 PROCESS 38 TECHNOLOGY 39 LEARNING FROM OTHER JURISDICTIONS 40 CHAPTER 7: OUR FINDINGS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT 42 KEY OBSERVATIONS 42 ROLE OF ORGANIZATIONS 43 COMMUNICATION 45 GOVERNANCE & ACCOUNTABILITY 46 PROCESS 47 TECHNOLOGY 48 LEARNING FROM OTHER JURISDICTIONS 48 CHAPTER 8: SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT AND SUGGESTED FUTURE STATE 51 SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT 51 ACCOUNTABILITY 51 ROLE OF THE COLLEGE AND HAS 57 CLINICAL LEADERSHIP 61 FUTURE STATE 62 Ministry of Health

COMMUNICATION 45 GOVERNANCE & ACCOUNTABILITY 46 PROCESS 47 TECHNOLOGY 48 LEARNING FROM OTHER JURISDICTIONS 48 CHAPTER 8: SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT AND
6 APPENDIX A: OVERVIEW OF LICENSING, CREDENTIALING, PRIVILEGING AND PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT PROCESSES 64 LICENSING 64 CREDENTIALING AND PRIVILEGING 67 PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT 76 APPENDIX B: PROCESS MAPS FOR INITIAL PRIVILEGING APPOINTMENTS 79 APPENDIX C: PROCESS MAPS FOR PRIVILEGING RE APPOINTMENTS 86 APPENDIX D: CREDENTIALING STANDARDS 93 APPENDIX E: US DATA BANK DETAILS 95 APPENDIX F: BOARD DIRECTIVES ON PEER REVIEW 97 APPENDIX G: REVIEW ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK 99 APPENDIX H: HOSPITAL ONLINE SURVEY & SUMMARY OF RESULTS 106 APPENDIX I: PRIVATE FACILITY ONLINE SURVEY & SUMMARY OF RESULTS 112 Ministry of Health

APPENDIX D: CREDENTIALING STANDARDS 93 APPENDIX E: US DATA BANK DETAILS 95 APPENDIX F: BOARD DIRECTIVES ON PEER REVIEW 97 APPENDIX G: REVIEW ASSESSMENT
7 Glossary of Abbreviations Abbreviation Full Name Abbreviation Full Name ABMS American Board of Medical Specialties NHA Northern Health Authority AHS Alberta Health Services NHMSF Non-Hospital Medical Surgical Facility AIT Agreement on Internal Trade NPDB National Practitioner Databank (U.S.) BC/the Province The Province of British Columbia NQSIP National Surgical Quality Improvement Program BCLP British Columbia Locum Program PAR Physician Achievement Review BCMA British Columbia Medical Association PHSA Provincial Health Services Authority CFPC College of Family Physicians of Canada Providence Providence Health Care (BC) CEO Chief Executive Officer PSSAC Physician Services Strategic Advisory Committee CME Continuing Medical Education QA Quality Assurance CMO Chief Medical Officer RAF Review Assessment Framework CMPA Canadian Medical Protective Association Royal College Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada CPC Certificate of Professional Conduct UBC University of British Columbia College College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia VCHA Vancouver Coastal Health Authority DAP Diagnostic Accreditation Program VIHA Vancouver Island Health Authority DF Denominational Facility VP Med Vice President Medicine FHA Fraser Health Authority GMC General Medical Council (UK) GP General Practitioner HA Health Authority HACC Health Authority Credentials Committee HAMAC Health Authority Medical Advisory Committee HIPDB Healthcare Integrity and Protection Databank HPA Health Professions Act HR Human Resources IHA Interior Health Authority IMG International Medical Graduate JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (US) MAC Medical Advisory Committee MAO Medical Affairs Office MCC Medical Council of Canada Minister The Minister of Health (BC) Ministry Ministry of Health (BC) MSP Medical Services Plan Ministry of Health 1

British Columbia Locum Program PAR Physician Achievement Review BCMA British Columbia Medical Association PHSA Provincial Health Services Authority CFPC College of Family Physicians of Canada
8 Glossary of Key Terms To provide a greater understanding of the meaning of the key terms used for this engagement, the following definitions were generated and approved by the Ministry: Licensing: The process whereby an authorized regulatory body issues a permit to practice medicine. Credentialing: An approach to obtaining, verifying and assessing against consistent criteria the qualifications of a physician for the purposes of licensing and/or privileging. Privileging: The process whereby an authorized body permits a specific scope and content of patient care services to a health care practitioner based upon: A standardized evaluation, typically beyond that required for licensure purposes, of a practitioner s training, experience and competence related to the delivery of specific services; and A defined practice setting with its associated service needs, support infrastructure, patient mix, etc. Performance management: An ongoing evaluation, including formative and summative assessments, of a physician s quality of care, conduct, clinical competencies, compliance with regulations, by-laws, rules and standards, and individual practice performance improvement. Stewardship: The role of government in formulating strategic policy directions, generating intelligence, exerting influence through regulation and ensuring accountability 1. 1 Travis, P., D. Egger, P. Davies and A. Mechbal “Towards Better Stewardship: Concepts and Critical Issues.” In C.J.L. Murray and D.B. Evans, eds., Health Systems Performance Assessment Debates, Methods and Empiricism. Geneva: World Health Organization. Ministry of Health 2

Credentialing: An approach to obtaining, verifying and assessing against consistent criteria the qualifications of a physician for the purposes of licensing and/or privileging.
9 Chapter 1: Executive Summary Background In late 2010 and early 2011, problems were identified with the quality of radiology image interpretations within three Health Authorities (HAs) in British Columbia (BC/the Province). Dr. Doug Cochrane, Provincial Patient Safety and Quality Officer and Chair of the BC Patient Safety & Quality Council, conducted a review of these incidents and reported a number of issues and gaps in oversight and performance management of radiologists. As part of its response to Dr. Cochrane s report, the Ministry of Health (the Ministry) engaged KPMG LLP (KPMG) to conduct a review of systems and processes for the licensing, credentialing, privileging and performance management of all physicians across the Province. Scope We agreed the following scope of the review: 1. The systems and processes of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia (the College) in licensing physicians to practice medicine in British Columbia, including procedures and policies for special categories of licensure; 2. The systems and processes of the HAs in credentialing, privileging and monitoring the performance of physicians. This included a review of HA bylaws, rules and policies as well as a review of processes and procedures in a sample of facilities from across the Province in metro, urban and rural settings; 3. The regulatory framework for ensuring the quality and competence of physicians including, but not limited to, a review of the Health Professionals Act; and 4. The effectiveness of BC s approach to licensing, credentialing, privileging, monitoring and enhancing performance for physicians compared to other Canadian jurisdictions and against evidence-based best practices. KPMG sub-contracted with the law firm Osborne Margo to complete the legal and regulatory review in conjunction with our work. That report summarizes the legal framework for physician regulation in BC and identifies key issues regarding BC s current regulatory framework. The report also includes a summary of the physician regulatory frameworks in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Ontario. While we quote the Osborne Margo report in the context of our findings, their report has been submitted as a stand-alone document. As an extension to the original scope, the Ministry requested that KPMG provide commentary on all the initiatives underway and link progress with our suggestions for improvement. Ministry of Health 3

Doug Cochrane, Provincial Patient Safety and Quality Officer and Chair of the BC Patient Safety & Quality Council, conducted a review of these incidents and reported a number of issues and gaps in
10 Approach We agreed the following key deliverables in our approach with the Ministry to frame the work we would undertake to review existing processes for licensing, credentialing, privileging, physician performance monitoring and peer review in BC at the College, the Ministry, HAs and hospitals: Development of a project charter and work plan; Development of a Review Assessment Framework (RAF); Final report with summary of findings and advice; and Final report presentation to the Ministry Action Team. Given the time and resources available for this review, we agreed with the Ministry that we would focus our attention on the acute care sector and, in a more limited way, private Non-Hospital Medical Surgical Facilities (NHMSFs) in the Province. Specifically we agreed that we would not examine practices within other areas of the health care system such as community provision, mental health services or long-term care. Understanding this report The purpose of this report is to outline certain matters that came to our attention during our work and to offer our comments and suggestions for improvement for the Ministry s consideration. These comments, by their nature, are critical, as they relate solely to opportunities for enhancement and do not address the many positive features of the Ministry s current activities and undertakings. Our procedures consisted of inquiry, surveying, and analysis of information provided by the Ministry, the College and HAs. The Ministry approved the interview list and the extent of the other materials provided by project participants. Such work does not constitute an audit. Accordingly, we express no opinion on processes, other information or internal controls. The evidence that supports our suggestions for improvement has been gathered through completed questionnaires, interview feedback and other comments, explanations and information received during our work. We are not responsible for this evidence; the sole responsibility lying with those who provided us with information and those we interviewed or otherwise interacted with during this review. Our findings arise from our enquiries, although we can provide no assurance as to the day-to-day operation of either those procedures reviewed or issues relating to physician licensing, credentialing, privileging and performance management in general. KPMG assumes no responsibility for our findings and we have not attempted to establish whether the issues raised in the report are pervasive, commonplace or rare; the issues raised are merely those that occurred during the course of our interviews and other work. All procedures covered in this report are dependent for their effectiveness on the diligence and propriety of those responsible for operating them and are capable of being overridden by persons holding positions of authority and trust. Ministry of Health 4

(RAF); Final report with summary of findings and advice; and Final report presentation to the Ministry Action Team.
11 We have not graded our suggestions for improvement and have not sought to emphasize their importance in any way. Our report has been factually checked by the Ministry and senior clinicians, as well as all members of the Ministry Action Team and VP Medicines, or equivalent, at all HAs. The Ministry is responsible for the decisions to implement any recommendations and for considering their impact. Implementation of these opportunities will require the Ministry to plan and test any changes to ensure that the Ministry will realize satisfactory results. Key observations Licensing The Provincial Physician Registry project being undertaken by the Ministry Action Team will assist in helping structure information on licensing and will make it easier for information on restrictions on physician licenses to be made more readily available across the healthcare system. We make the following key observations in respect of licensing: The College has a robust and sound system for processing applications to be licensed in BC; The Federation of State Medical Boards in the US has a universal database that contains information on any disciplinary procedure across the US since the 1960s. BC would benefit from a similar system across Canada that incorporates standardization of aspects of the Agreement on Internal Trade; and The UK system of revalidation requires all doctors to demonstrate their licenses are up to date and their ongoing fitness to practice through five years of appraisal data, continuing professional development and multisource feedback. A similar system would reduce risk in BC. Ministry of Health 5

The Ministry is responsible for the decisions to implement any recommendations and for considering their impact.
12 Credentialing and Privileging The replacement of the current paper-based system for reappointment of privileges through the Provincial Physician Registry system will address many of the identified issues and gaps identified. It will also assist in better structuring information on privileging, along with the Provincial Core Data Set project. The Provincial Credentialing and Privileging project will be key to advancing the debate on the establishment of Province-wide standards and the creation of definitions for use in privileging across the Province. We make the following key observations in respect of credentialing and privileging: The current BC Locum Program registry has potential to be used inappropriately as some physicians could view it as a license to practice without formally obtaining privileges The College currently plays a statutory role in reviewing credentials for physicians seeking privileges for restricted activities. Most stakeholders agreed this was not an appropriate role for the College given the amount of due diligence already conducted by the HAs, although it will require a change in statute to correct; There is no common definition for credentialing and privileging within the system and they are used interchangeably, creating confusion; There are no independent checks that privileging processes are being followed in HAs; Few HAs have Board approved minimum standards that contain definitions for expectations of the minimum number of years experience/number of procedures regularly performed and any standards that are defined are not standardized across the Province; Duties need to be better segregated, especially within smaller facilities; The structure for regular physician reviews is inconsistent across and within HAs; The time taken to formally approve privileges is sometimes too long and results in significant use of the granting of temporary privileges; and Local processes could be streamlined to reduce the number of steps in the credentialing and privileging process. Our work also identified the following leading practices in credentialing and privileging in BC: Independent Director participation in the Credentials Committee and Health Authority Medical Advisory Committee (HAMAC) at Vancouver island health Authority (VIHA); Department Heads meet with all physicians at Vancouver Coastal Health Authority (VCHA) and Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA) during the reappointment process; and PHSA uses an online re-appointment system that streamlines physician submissions. Ministry of Health 6

The Provincial Credentialing and Privileging project will be key to advancing the debate on the establishment of Province-wide standards and the creation of definitions for use in privileging across
13 Performance Management The Provincial Performance Assessment Review project due to be undertaken by the Ministry will provide the opportunity for the system to address the issues raised in our report and will provide the platform for feedback and wider rollout of the Radiology Peer Review and Support project and the Accountability for Denominational Facilities (DFs) project. We make the following key observations in respect of performance management: Stakeholders interviewed stated they would like the Ministry to prioritize performance metrics and provide standardized performance measurement tools; Our review identified a consistent theme that the College is perceived to have an advocacy role for physicians although our investigations showed this not to be the case. Any perception was refuted by College Board members; Our review found that clinical leadership needs to be addressed across the system, especially the role and function of the Chief of Staff; Communication gaps exist across the system, resulting in inconsistent or poor information flows; Stakeholders across the Province acknowledged that the collaborative approach demonstrated by the Registrar and her colleagues over the last year have improved their impressions of the College as a partner in strengthening the system; The value and importance of good performance management was a common theme in our interviews and stakeholders stated that the focus of performance and peer reviews needs to be aligned to improvement agenda and not viewed as confrontational; The College and HAs could share more performance information and participate in a more structured system-wide discussion of performance issues; and The Physician Achievement Review in Alberta and the Revalidation process in the UK allow for regular (typically 5 year) reviews of all physicians and 360 degree surveys that assist in the monitoring and focus of physician performance have been adopted in the US. Our work also identified the following leading practices in performance management of physicians in BC: PHSA has adopted a pilot program to assist in training and supporting Department Heads; and Staff at PHSA have a mandatory 360 degree review every three years. Ministry of Health 7

We make the following key observations in respect of performance management: Stakeholders interviewed stated they would like the Ministry to prioritize performance metrics and provide standardized
14 Suggestions for Improvement Our findings indicate that there are a number of areas that need to be improved. When considering our suggestions for improvement we found that a number were relevant to more than one of the three key areas of licensing, credentialing and privileging and performance management. Accordingly we have grouped our suggestions for improvement under three headings: Accountability; Role of the College and HAs; and Clinical leadership. Our suggestions for improvement need to be put in context of the current workload of the Ministry and its perception of both the need and the extent for change. Accountability Aligning performance to contracts The system of contracting with physicians within BC should be compared to other jurisdictions so that the pros and cons of changing the system could be assessed within the context of making physicians more accountable for their performance and encouraging greater levels of self- and peerassessment. Any changes should be addressed through medical by-laws or other mechanisms as appropriate. Options could include: Mandate that annual appraisals form an integral part of the Medical Services Plan (MSP) process, potentially with physicians asking to self-certify and the Ministry then performing central checks to ensure compliance, installing powers to suspend registration if physicians do not comply; Introducing an element of performance-related bonus to award good quality, and alternatively a withdrawal of an element of pay for poor performance; Consider mandating HAs to hold MSP contracts for all procedures performed in their HA, thereby providing the opportunity for local input and performance management into those areas that HAs consider most productive and effective; and Mandate physicians move to central contracts with HAs and put in place appropriate support and Human Resources (HR) processes similar to other professional staff groups. Stewardship and management of HA Boards The Ministry should review its wider role and define the extent to which it provides effective stewardship to the system by studying models from other jurisdictions. Depending on the outcome of that review, the Ministry should assess the short-term and longer-term changes required so that a framework for holding HA and DF Boards accountable for the implementation of policy directives and for physician governance and management in particular can be developed, along with the associated reporting mechanisms. Ministry of Health 8

Accordingly we have grouped our suggestions for improvement under three headings: Accountability; Role of the College and HAs; and Clinical leadership.
15 Executive accountability on HA Boards The Ministry should review governance models in other jurisdictions to establish whether a case could or should be made for a different model of governance within healthcare to reflect commercial leading practice and allow greater levels of direct accountability for Executive management. This may be necessary especially if contractual accountability changes; All HAs should establish an audit process through internal audit or another independent body to regularly review appointment and re-appointment processes and compliance (we consider that clinical audit is not capable of performing such a review as they are not necessarily experts in process). The Ministry should mandate HAs to perform this function and self-certify that they have complied with that mandate; and Where HA Boards have identified clinical challenge as a weakness, they should be encouraged to consider how to augment their ability to challenge clinically, potentially seeking to appoint an independent Medical Adviser mandated to specifically assist them gain comfort on the adoption of processes and the performance management of physicians generally. Province-wide reporting protocol The College, HAs and DFs should share information to establish agreed definitions for the sort of issues or problems that indicate where physicians may present a risk. Once defined, the size of the population of those physicians should be determined and used to establish the urgency of the timetable for establishing a Province-wide performance management framework; The Ministry should oversee the establishment of a Province-wide reporting protocol which should be agreed by the College, each HA and all DFs. The protocol should outline what information related to performance should be provided, how it is to be provided, and when it should be provided. Moreover, each layer of the system (Ministry, HAs, DFs, College) should define what data it requires and why, to establish robust information and systems required for managing physician performance. Datasets from these deliberations can then be used to inform the development of the provincial information system. This reporting protocol should also be incorporated into the model staff by-laws which are currently being developed; The Ministry should consider whether the by-laws of the College need to be amended to reflect the need for certain performance information to be shared with HAs to mirror the by-laws of Saskatchewan. This is critical to enable the system to respond to potential areas of public concern, especially regarding the safety of patients; The Ministry s Legislation and Professional Regulation Branch should review the legislative amendments being proposed in Ontario to establish whether the recommendations made by the College could be applicable in addressing the gaps identified in BC; and The College should review the Pulse Program in more depth to ascertain how the processes contained within it could be brought into assisting with the monitoring and processing of performance management concerns and the College s own processes within BC. Medical school participation in any new performance management framework The Terms of Reference for each Joint Advisory Committee between the HAs and the University of British Columbia (UBC) should be amended to include issues of performance management and remediation, including: Discussing performance issues of residents in the HA; and Discussing remediation opportunities for individual physicians, as well as broader systemic remediation program requirements. Ministry of Health 9

This may be necessary especially if contractual accountability changes; All HAs should establish an audit process through internal audit or another independent body to regularly review appointment
16 HA systems for granting privileges While a number of the initiatives launched by the Ministry in response to Dr. Cochrane s report address some of the inefficiencies identified above, the Ministry should mandate that HAs implement and effectively use the new systems being developed to minimize the risk of different levels of uptake in different HAs; Some of the recommendations may be processed by updating the medical staff by-laws within HAs. Any changes to the by-laws should be reviewed by the Ministry s Legislation and Professional Regulation Branch prior to HAs seeking to obtain Physician Services Strategic Advisory Committee (PSSAC) or other approval so that the Ministry has the opportunity to consider the recommendations and has made decisions on the broader systemic issues; The Ministry should provide structure to confirm that the new Physician Registry and Peer Review software systems are set up correctly from the beginning, establishing: The datasets required by all parties; The right levels of functionality and reporting for all parties; The ownership of the system and maintenance arrangements, with suitable methods of cross-charging for cost established; and Governance arrangements, especially in relation to privacy of information, etc; and The Physician Registry should have the datasets available to all stakeholders so that compliance with privileging and performance management processes can be audited and levers so that the Ministry retains the right to withhold or suspend MSP status until and unless issues can be satisfactorily resolved. Systems for Provisional Registrants The College and the Ministry should work together to review whether the system for continual review of Provisional Registrants should be adopted for performance managing physicians identified as posing a risk. BC Locum Program The Physician Registry currently being developed should have the capability of identifying and tracking locums, and the Ministry s registry through the BC Locum Program should be discontinued once the new system is in place and working correctly. Role of the College and HAs Stronger role for the College The Ministry should work with the College to agree the financial and organizational impact of any realignment of role. While some of that impact may be derived from contributions to the College, other aspects may need to be agreed centrally. Ministry of Health 10

different levels of uptake in different HAs; Some of the recommendations may be processed by updating the medical staff by-laws within HAs.
17 Enhancing the role of the College (1) Provincial Performance Management Framework The College should be an integral part of the new performance management framework. As this involves all organizations across the system and the Ministry, we have included recommendations in the Accountability section above. Enhancing the role of the College (2) New technology and procedures The College should be accountable for publishing, on a timely (perhaps annual) basis, a list of new technology and procedures with guidance on training, standards and testing to inform the privileging process for those new developments. This work should be done in collaboration with the HAs and aligned with the mandate and activities of the new Health Technology Assessment Committee being set up by the Ministry; and The Tariff Committee rules should be amended to align with the process established by the College such that no fee, whether temporary, permanent or otherwise, is granted until the appropriate supporting resources (i.e.: space, nursing staff, etc.) as well as minimum competency standards are established. Enhancing the role of the College (3) Providing Minimum Standards for Credentialing The College should be mandated to manage the current procurement for a Provincial Credentialing & Privileging technology solution and should take responsibility for expediting the project completion timeline. A revised structure and timeline should be agreed with the Ministry and robustly performance managed; On an ongoing basis, the College (as the body that is consistent and is the most established and credible in terms of peer review and assessment) in collaboration with the VP Meds of the HAs, should be mandated to be responsible for establishing and agreeing minimum credentialing standards for all disciplines and report back progress to the Ministry and HA Boards as appropriate; The College should report to the Ministry on how to best to engage the debate on standardizing credentialing and privileging definitions across Canada. It is important that an action plan for that debate is constructed, including stakeholder maps and an analysis of the timeline (with associated local performance management goals). Once systems are in place in BC, the College (with support from the Ministry) should seek to establish minimum standards with other Colleges across Canada so that the system can have confidence in the work performed in other jurisdictions for doctors moving to BC; and The Ministry should consider engaging the public in a structured debate on standards across the Province to assess what services are acceptable to the public and where the boundaries of the postal code medicine 2 debate should be drawn. Before the question can be answered, the Ministry could assess firstly whether the public should or could be consulted on acceptability of service, either in market research groups or more widely, and then work to define acceptability to inform definitions of minimum standards (potentially by geography). 2 Refers to the debate of which services are provided in which communities based on geography and proximity to major centres. Ministry of Health 11

Enhancing the role of the College (2) New technology and procedures The College should be accountable for publishing, on a timely (perhaps annual) basis, a list of new technology and procedures with
18 Enhancing the role of the College (4) Revalidation The College should expedite its efforts in implementing a process for physician revalidation. The Ministry should consider timelines for the introduction of revalidation, how to effectively performance manage the College if this task is mandated and establish an accountability framework for delivery and rollout of the revalidation program. Redefining the College s stewardship of quality The College needs to consider how it can engage with the system, especially the HAs, consulting with stakeholders and seeking to consolidate its mandate and build greater awareness of the function of the College, its commitment to quality and to build the relationships and understanding that will underpin the development of a performance management framework. Realignment of the role of the College – Credentialing and privileging Responsibility for credentialing for diagnostic imaging and non-hospital surgical medical facilities should be transferred to another organization. For this to occur: The Ministry needs to confirm that the entity that undertakes this responsibility are also signatories to the performance management framework (see below) so that they have the ability to communicate and share concerns for NHMSFs across the system; and All MSP-related activity for restricted activities should be performed through existing mechanisms; The Ministry and College should work together to review whether the amendments being proposed in the Out-of-Hospital Premises Inspection Program in Ontario could be applicable in addressing the gaps in NHMSFs in BC; and The Ministry should consider the support the College requires to enable all of the above changes to take place. This would include providing independent support to the Board as required and in establishing a plan for managing change. Clinical leadership The role of clinical leaders and their recruitment needs to be reviewed so that their role can be defined and standardized across the Province. The review needs to consider how to make these roles attractive to the right leaders through a combination of various levers including remuneration, the bestowing of real authority and the ability to contribute to the wider change agenda. The Ministry should work with all HAs to agree clinical leadership models that can be installed across the Province, with physicians taking far greater responsibility for the management of services and the modernization agenda generally. These models should then be linked to broader accountability frameworks so that real local accountability and performance management structures can be agreed across the system, with escalation policies in place that inform Boards and provide impetus to the service improvement agenda of all HAs. Ministry of Health 12

1 2

Share